Treadmill Test Positive? What Now?

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Is your treadmill test positive? I know, you might be a little worried about it. But it doesn’t always have to be concerning.

Let’s take a look at what a positive treadmill test means, and what steps you need to take after that.

The Treadmill Test

I will not go into too much detail about treadmill tests here. I have already covered it in detail in a post here.

In short, a treadmill test is done to evaluate how strong your heart is. It also provides information on whether there is sufficient quantity of blood reaching the heart through the arteries when you exercise.

A treadmill test is considered negative if sufficient exercise is done and there are no symptoms or no changes in your ECG.

On the other hand, a positive treadmill test is diagnosed when you have chest pain on the treadmill, or you have ECG changes, or both.

Treadmill Test Positive – Should I Be Worried?

If a treadmill test is positive, it could indicate an underlying heart problem. Some people call this heart trouble ‘blockages’.

treadmill test positive

The purpose of the treadmill test is to know whether there are any ‘blockages’ in the heart arteries.

In other words, ‘is there coronary artery disease that is the reason for my symptoms?’

Related Reading – Here’s How You Can Detect heart Blockages

Well, it may not always be the case.

A treadmill test is only about 60% sensitive. This means that around 6 out of 10 patients who have a positive treadmill test actually have heart disease.

In other words, 4 out of 10 don’t have heart disease despite their treadmill test being positive.

This is called a ‘false positive’ result. It tends to be very common in women.

A false positive result is one where the treadmill test is positive, but subsequent angiography is completely normal. This means that despite you having a treadmill test positive, you have no blockages in your arteries.

Obviously, having a treadmill test positive can be quite disconcerting. But it is nothing to worry about.

I usually tell my patients that it is a good thing that the test has found that there is something wrong with their heart. This way, if any further treatments need to be given, it will not be when it is too late.

So, now you have a positive treadmill test, what’s next?

Its All About Risk…

Before deciding on further evaluation and tests, I generally look at the patient’s cardiac risk

If a patient has undergone a routine treadmill test and does not have any risk factors (smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, family history of heart disease, high cholesterol), then the best test moving forward would be a CT coronary angiogram.

I have discussed CT coronary angiogram here in detail.

A CT coronary angiogram is reserved for those patients who fall in the low to moderate risk category. It picks up any narrowings or blockages with a good deal of sensitivity and specificity.

However, if a patient is very elderly, then a CT angiogram may not be the ideal test. In fact, whether or not angiography should be done at all is a matter of debate.

This is because there is likely to be some disease, and the vessels would have become rather thickened and calcified.

Furthermore, the patient may not be a very active one, and may be rather frail.

A CT angiogram is not very accurate if there is too much calcium in the vessels.

So what’s the next scenario?

If a CT angiogram in a low to moderate risk patient shows significant disease of more than 70% in the major vessels of the heart, then a diagnostic coronary angiogram (done in a hospital) will likely be recommended.

I have discussed diagnostic coronary angiography here.

This will help inform us with near 100% certainty about how bad the heart arteries are.

Based on the findings of this angiogram, final treatments (medical management alone vs. stenting vs. bypass surgery) will be advised.

Also, in a patient with multiple risk factors who has a positive treadmill test, there is no point doing a CT angiogram.

It is better in such a situation to do a hospital based diagnostic coronary angiogram.

This way, a definitive diagnosis can be made earlier and treatment started sooner.

Does A Negative Treadmill Rule Out Heart Disease?

Not really.

There have been many occasions where patients give a textbook description of cardiac pain but have a negative treadmill.

I have then gone on to perform coronary angiography and found them to have some coronary disease.

These tests are false negative results. In other words, there is coronary disease but the treadmill test is negative. Studies have found around 20% of cases to demonstrate this.

In fact, there are even case reports where patients have done really well on a treadmill test and have then gone on to have a heart attack within a few months.

The decision on further tests is experience-based many times. There are no clear guidelines as such that dictate what tests need to be done and when.

I personally feel that treadmill testing is become a little obsolete. While it is useful to evaluate exercise tolerance in patients, the high false positive and false negative rates make it unreliable.

It would be better to undergo a CT scan or a stress thallium study to evaluate coronary circulation. However, the limiting factor in India is the cost.

A treadmill test cost in India is around Rs 1000 – Rs 2000. On the other hand, a CT coronary angiogram costs around Rs 10000 while a stress thallium test costs around Rs 15000. A diagnostic coronary angiogram costs between Rs 15000 to Rs 25000, depending on the center. Government hospitals with the set up will be undoubtedly cheaper.

Closing Remarks

If you have a treadmill test positive, it is not really something to panic about. In situations like this, an academic assistant like hausarbeit ghostwriting can be invaluable, not only in managing the flood of medical research but also in interpreting complex data accurately. However, it is strongly recommended that further tests be done, as it is never written in stone that the test is false positive or false negative till the tests are done.

Dr Vivek Baliga B
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1 thought on “Treadmill Test Positive? What Now?”

  1. Sir,
    Articles are very very useful.Thank you very much for the great help for sending.
    Sir, if in ECG of person shows lbbb. and after eco test presence of lvh and lvdd is there. lvh is+0.2 than normal valve and no blockages in arteries or vains. AFTER 8 to 10 months again eco test made and report shows that there is no lvh or lvdd presence and also no block. But as per cardiologist once caronory angiogram test may made to confirm blockage although eco test has not any negative reports, but as there is lbbb in ecg report caronory angiogram test is final to know risk.
    The person who has above ecg report and eco report is healthy, colestral normal , not a daibetic but having bp but which is also normal and he can walk 2 to 3 km daily and he is not having any habits and he is not feeling tired and nervous etc when he is walking or doing exercise. In such case by considering above reports whether due to lbbb reports blocks may be there and is to advisable to take coronary angiogram immediately.
    Whether lbbb is reversible.whether lvh and lvdd may show at some time and reverse and again they may show after some months.
    Kindly arrange to reply.Sir, Pl excuse me for trouble given.
    With best regards.

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